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This is the final movement of Johann Sebastian Bach’s French Suite no. 5 in G major, played on piano. It is a ‘Gigue’: The gigue is a very fast dance, the rhythm of which is a multiple of three. The name gigue probably comes from the Italian word “giga” (violin), which is also the name of a three-string instrument from the 12th and 13th centuries, with the characteristic feature two circles cut in the shape of an eight in the sound box.
Originating from Scotland and Ireland, the dance was used by classical composers in their compositions. The gigue, which is related to the British dance ‘jig’, was already known in England around 1600. In the second half of the seventeenth century, dance also reached the European continent. Baroque composers usually recorded her as the last movement in a suite.